Motherboard and its role in personal computers

by sogrow team

Motherboard and its role in personal computers

One of the most important parts of your computer is the motherboard. However, the name speaks for itself. After all, it depends on what devices you can install on your PC. In addition to connecting all the other parts of the computer, the motherboard coordinates its work and distributes the energy that comes to it from the power supply. Now a few words about what the motherboard is made of. 

The first and most important component is the chipset. It is a complex of microcircuits and determines the configuration of the computer as a whole. However, the chipset is present in all technologies that use electronics. 

The chipset itself consists of the south and north bridges. North Bridge is responsible for the operation of the processor, RAM, and graphics card. Southbridge is responsible for all other resources (hard drives, network cards, USB ports, etc., etc.). The chipset directly determines which processor is in the computer because if they are not supported, the computer just won't work. As a general rule, a processor and chipset from the same manufacturer are compatible, but there are also relatively universal chipsets that can work well with a large number of processors. 

Therefore, the technical performance of the chipset also affects the performance of the entire motherboard, performance, and consequently, its price. 

An equally important part of the motherboard is the RAM. 

As the computer industry has developed over the years, many different modifications to memory have changed. Now the new assemblies use DDR2 and DDR3 RAM. More precisely, DDR2 or DDR3, depending on the configuration of the motherboard. They cannot be used at the same time. 

Don't forget the graphics card. As the name suggests, the graphics card is responsible for the quality of graphics on the computer. Users who need very good image quality (for example, those who work professionally with graphics editors or simply love beautiful computer games that require good graphics resolution) often use an additional graphics card on their motherboard. Graphics cards can vary in size depending on their performance. This is because high powers require a more serious cooling system to prevent the graphics card from overheating. If you also plan to install a second graphics card in your computer, first make sure it will fit your motherboard in terms of configuration and size (sometimes the graphics card slots are quite close together, and the second card may not fit). There are also motherboards with an integrated (built-in) graphics card. 

Sound and network cards are typically built into motherboards from scratch. However, if they don't exist or you need to install a more powerful card, you can buy them separately. Of course, guided by the configuration of the motherboard. These cards are responsible for the reproduction of sound and the operation of a computer with a network (access to the Internet, connection to other computers). 

The dimensions and location of the various ports are described by the form factor. This is the name of the standard that specifies the concept of spatial device configuration. The standard is advisory, but most companies try to follow it when assembling as it is the optimal solution for hardware configuration. Therefore, each motherboard type must fit a specific computer case form factor, and this must be taken into account as well. 

Finally, pay attention to the plug. A socket is a socket for connecting a processor. The connection is made by inserting the pins of the socket into the holes in the processor. The number of legs and the size of the plugs vary from model to model. Of course, certain socket models can be used with a limited number of processor types. In other words, if the processor does not fit into the socket, you simply cannot put it there because the position of the pins does not match the position of the holes in the processor. As an example, we can say that Intel processors work with LGA sockets (LGA1155, LGA1156, LGA1366, LGA775), and AMD processors work with AM models (socket AM3, socket AM2 +). 

Finally, I would like to add that there are many different motherboard configurations. Brands such as Intel, Gigabyte, Asus, Foxconn, MSI, and Biostar are involved in its production. It is not necessary to highlight any of them; they are all good in their way. Because everyone chooses a computer (and consequently a motherboard) specifically for their needs, the correct motherboard will keep your computer running reliably for a long time.