How to calibrate a monitor?

by sogrow team

How to calibrate a monitor?

Colour calibration should be an essential part of all the workflows of the photographer. Otherwise, it is impossible to determine if the colour shown by the monitor is really precise. The way to do it is in many ways, and you may want to reproduce the colour, and it can be quite simple or complicated depending on whether it is printing in your workroom. Simply, it contains hardware colour meters for the colour profile of the monitors for the daily edition of the edition and viewing of the image, which requires a very simple calibration of all display devices and output devices; like printers, there is also a professional-grade colour profile at the end. In this article, I will focus on a simple way to make your monitor becoming less accurate and can rely on the needs of everyday photos.


Why is colour calibration important? 

A big misconception about colour calibration is that people think it is only necessary for printing. Incorrect! From viewing your and other people's work to working with your images in Adobe Photoshop, Lightroom, or any other software, it's all essential. If your monitor is not colour calibrated correctly, you will most likely not see everything in the image. For example, a soft and beautiful sunset may appear pale, while a black and white image may appear too dark or too bright. 

I haven't paid much attention to colour correction for a long time, and I have suffered a lot as a result. At the time, I did a very inconsistent job because I saw the wrong colour during post-processing. My images often end up with over-saturated colours and weird hues, and I don't know things like ICC colour profiles. I often end up deleting all metadata from my images, including those colour profiles. One day, I had the opportunity to view my image on a colour-calibrated computer, and after looking at how bad the image looked, I realized it was time to make changes. At first, I thought maybe I could use some free colour calibration tools that are already built into my operating system to get more accurate colours. When my monitor first cost me so much money, I didn't understand how I could justify spending a few hundred dollars on a colourimeter. However, over time, I realized that choosing the right monitor and calibrating colours is essential, especially if I want my photography to be taken seriously. Fortunately, once I made the correct settings, I was able to go back and reprocess my images. I'm glad I didn't wait too long because, from that moment in my career, I was able to produce reliable works that always look good. 

If you have never properly calibrated your monitor in the past, you will be surprised how different your image will be from other people's images after it is properly calibrated, especially if you are using a low-end monitor. Fortunately, a good colourimeter can easily calibrate any monitor; as you will see in this article and the accompanying video below, it is not time-consuming and does not require any technical knowledge.


Hardware calibration vs Visual 

It is possible to find free and commercial tools that allow you to calibrate the monitor using visual software comparisons or hardware templates for the colour calibration award. One of the free tools can be part of your operating system; it is generally available on Windows and Mac platforms. For example, Microsoft's colour calibration is part of a recent Windows operating system, such as Windows 10. This allows you to Adjust the gamma monitor, brightness, contrast and even colour balance. 

Such tools it is likely to be configuring gamma configuration, as it is a good idea to calibrate the monitor, all other settings are very dangerous and can not be used for a single simple reason: you can not adjust the colour, The brightness or contrast with their own eyes, everything is very subjective. Especially the perception of colour people is very different, and for that reason, it is not worth playing these built-in or free tools that you can find online to adjust your monitor. And if you think you can sit with a colour table to compare and adjust the Beside side, make your best effort in that process. It can not be impossible to be adequately impossible with the type of paper and quality. Comparison with the most likely backlit monitor. To perversely outline the monitor, you must analyze the output of the screen and compare it with the actual colour, and it can only be used with a hardware colour meter, such as Xrite i1 screen. The pigment meter analyzes the colour that comes out of the screen and provides the necessary settings for colour, gamma, brightness and contrast through the software. Once the calibration process is completed, you can upload it through the software each time the computer is restarted. Also, if the monitor is integrated into the monitor, you can save that information itself. For all these, there will always be a big difference in accuracy between these two methods because hardware calibration is very important. Finally, hardware calibration processes can be significantly shortly short and can be carried out regularly without problems.


How to calibrate your monitor 

Before starting the hardware calibration process, be sure to reset your monitor settings to factory defaults. The reason you want to do this is that you don't want to start calibrating a monitor that has been manually adjusted too much. On some monitors, you can restore the factory default settings through the menu settings, while on other monitors, you can press the combination button to restore the factory settings. If you can't find a way to do this on your monitor, please refer to your monitor's manual to learn how to reset the factory default settings.


Do the following: 

  1. If your monitor and video card have a DP (Display Port) connection, be sure to use this cable instead of DVI or HDMI to connect both. 
  2. Make sure your monitor is in a place where sunlight or other light sources cannot shine directly. 
  3. Turn on the monitor for at least 1520 minutes to allow it to warm up. 
  4. Make sure your screen resolution is in the optimal setting. If you have an LCD monitor, set the screen resolution to the highest number allowed, also known as "native resolution." 
  5. Make sure your graphics card outputs in the highest bit mode. 
  6. Uninstall all existing colour calibration software and tools. 
  7. Install the colour calibration software that came with the colourimeter (ideally, you want to get the latest version of the software from the manufacturer's website). 
  8. Run the software and follow the instructions. 

After the calibration process is complete, be sure to use only colour management software applications to view or edit your images, as described in section 7.


Hardware-Calibration Colorimeter 

The most popular hardware calibration colourimeters currently on the market are the following: 

  1. X-Rite i1 Display Pro 
  2. Data Color Spyder 5 Pro 
  3. The first two Pantone Colormakers 

X Rite i1 Display Pro and Datacolourr Spyder are typically the most popular colourimeter options today, priced in the $ 150,250 range. I had the Datacolourr Spyder Procolourimeterr once but found the X-Rite i1 Display Pro's accuracy to be much better, especially when analyzing multiple displays that look the same. The 

Monitor Calibration Process Using Hardware Calibration

The calibration process is very simple. You just need to run the wizard and perform the actions it asks you to do. Depending on how accurate you want the calibration to be, it can take 510 minutes, up to 30 minutes or more, especially when relying on third-party tools like Argyll CMS / Display CAL.