3 common mistakes that can damage or destroy your motherboard
If the processor is the brain of your computer, the motherboard is the heart. This is where the different parts of the computer connect and interact with each other. So, when your motherboard has problems, it's a bigger problem than just replacing a part.
Base plates are generally strong enough to withstand daily destructive stresses and strains. But there are a few things you can do to make sure it works properly. Protecting your motherboard from damage is paramount to protecting all other components.
Avoid some common mistakes that can damage your motherboard and get rid of a headache.
1. Check for shorts
This problem is most common on desktop computers but also (in rare cases) on notebook computers. If you love to build your PC or have it assembled yourself, there is a risk of a short circuit if it is not assembled correctly.
A motherboard conducts power and distributes it to other components so that it cannot touch metal, such as the case or a poorly installed component. The disadvantages of CPU coolers often lead to irreparable damage to motherboards. Also, check for missing cable connections, a common mistake in PC maintenance.
When assembling your PC, you must place the motherboard correctly in the case. There are several screws on the motherboard that you will use to secure the case in place. Make sure to use all the screws. One user discovered that a loose screw could short out and fry the entire motherboard.
In short, the inside of your computer should be neat and organized. If the motherboard comes into contact with an accidental object, it may cause a short circuit.
2. Overvoltage protection
The motherboard is connected to the power supply unit (PSU) of the computer. It is important to buy the correct power supply for your needs; if your components require more power than the power supply can provide, your components or your motherboard could fail. However, a more common problem with motherboards is power surges. Some electronics in your home use a lot of energy, like air conditioners or refrigerators. Have you ever seen your lights blink when these devices are on? This is because they had to get more electricity.
At power-up, the current adjusts for a few seconds. And in these few seconds, it is redirected to other electronic devices, for example, to the light or the computer. This is the simplest explanation for the surge. This happens more often than you think, depending on your power settings, your community's power grid, and even weather conditions (like lightning).
Most power supplies and motherboards can adjust their voltage to withstand small surges. But if it's big, you can fry your motherboard and all the components connected to it. This is a big problem that we never really respond to. The only solution is to buy a surge protector for your computer.
3. Cleaning the air vents
Heat is the enemy of electronics. Computer components must not overheat to function properly. But they generate a lot of heat. For this reason, heat dissipation from the computer, whether in the form of fans or heat sinks, is critical.
If your laptop is constantly hot, you need to clean the vents. High temperatures can deform the motherboard. Even the slightest bends can affect stress points, such as screws or connectors. Remember, a loose or misplaced connection is a time bomb for your motherboard.
How to check for a bad motherboard
A bad motherboard is not as easy to diagnose as other parts of your computer. In general, it is obvious that your computer has a hardware failure; for example, it will not boot. But you can't immediately narrow it down to the motherboard. However, there are several steps you can take to find out why your motherboard is bad.
Turn on the power and check the green light on the motherboard. If there is no green light, the problem is with the power supply or the motherboard. Check with another power supply, and if the motherboard still won't turn on then, it is bad.
If the green light is on, check the major components of your PC, including the processor and memory. The plugin just takes these two components and checks if the motherboard boots into BIOS or UEFI.
If it still doesn't boot, check the CMOS battery on your motherboard. If your computer is more than a year old, you will most likely need to replace the battery.
All motherboards come with a self-test tool. When an error occurs, the motherboard will emit a series of beeps. These "beep codes" may differ by the manufacturer but are the same. For example, a series of long, repetitive beeps indicate a problem with the RAM.
You can translate these "beep codes" on your motherboard manufacturer's website or use the Computer Hope Beep Code Guide. This should allow you to diagnose and hopefully fix the motherboard problem quickly.
In Case of Damage
If the motherboard is diagnosed as faulty, you have two options. You can fix it or buy a new one. Any seasoned computer user will tell you that if the motherboard has already fixed one problem, it will likely have several new ones soon. The best solution is to upgrade your motherboard along with faster USB standards or built-in WiFi. If you want to use the same components as the CPU or RAM, make sure the new motherboard supports them.